Once you have seen Antarctica you have seen one of the world’s true wilderness areas and nothing I tell you right now can describe to you the way I am feeling but it gets under your skin and into your blood and it makes me realise why those early explorers no matter how many hard ships they faced travelled so far around the world to see what no man had ever seen before.
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Antarctica is the land of outstanding beauty despite being one of the driest windiest and coldest places on earth my journey to Antarctica started from Hobart in Australia where I boarded the expedition ship Orion on this voyage we will travel nearly 2,000 kilometres to the Ross Sea and as the temperature gauge plummeted the site made a heartrate saw while we travel in style and learn about the hardships that the early explorers faced Orion's crew makes us aware of the part tourism has to play in helping ensure Antarctica remains pristine forevermore it was Captain Cook's diaries from when he crossed the Antarctic Circle in 1773 that first made the world aware of how teeming with life this Southern Ocean is unfortunately those words attracted the attention of whalers and sailors and almost brought ruin to this frozen frontier our epic voyage at sea brought us to the stunning Cape Adare I was ecstatic to be visiting one of the last true nature wildernesses of the world home to millions of very adorable Adelie penguin residence but this price.we knows Antarctica used to be referred to as Terra Australis incognita and only the very brave did come down to these uncharted waters and when they did they faced extreme conditions but this place right here was the very first place anyone ever spent a winter in Antarctica although they may not have known it at the time those early explorers were putting in place the path the future tourists would follow a century in the future the roof was held on by strong wise they lined it with seal skin so that damn to keep out that time bits of snow but you can see after and so many years 110 years retinue that fabric of the timber while its ablated is still really solid because these hats are so significant we're going to make sure nothing gets inside them they are got clean booth time to have a look got rations you got well Allen T we've got some tempting morsels over here we've got some luncheon tongue some pea soup ration looking around it was not quite like our 5-star menu on their own but it was amazing to see how well-prepared these early explorers were when they travel so far from home there was no corner shop and once the winter hit daylight was only something one could dream about next on the list what do you do when you Antarctica and you've already done everything on shore and the weather is burping wet what you do is you do a Polar Plunge if it fits then by it's not so crazy but then you and your brain suddenly realizes where you are and you had good I think it's the lack of breath actually it's the lack of breath because after two seconds you start not being able to breathe properly and that's been so good ice and weather rather than clocks or calendars determine Antarctic itineraries in winter pack ice extends 1,000 kilometers around most of the frozen continent plunging it into darkness for close to twenty four hours a day in summer days where daylight penetrates for up to 24 hours at a time wildlife is more visible it's 1 o'clock in the morning right now and could easily think it was the middle of the day we're so far after the Sun just is not setting anymore what should go horizontally across the right and look at we have come to the Ross Sea and there is Mount Erebus as luck would have it the weather gods were smiling on us and we will be able to take the zodiacs too short and visit one of the most famous historic places in Antarctica British exploration and then capital was really dominated by two men Scott and Shackleton who both wanted to be the first person to get to the South Pole it is got Pat it's pretty much been left exactly the way it is so let's take a look and see how these guys lived hey Alistair whoa tell you I'm good how are you how important was Scott's um expedition here to Antarctica well it's one of the great Antarctic expeditions most people who've heard of Antarctica a third of Robert Falcon Scott for better or ill I suppose is rather a controversial character these though the controversy I don't think takes away from the impact of a place like this and the endeavour that these people went through to get here set up this sort of establishment and then Sledge off into the unknown it's quite extraordinary to lazy it's a lot of snow out there how long do you live in here though they were here for a full two winters so they were here for nearly three years and all so that's quite an amazing hut us that it's enormous compared to some of the others you see but there was a large party so how many people lived in here over 20 brown ok this wall of boxes here when it was completed formed a petition this area here was for the lower ranks for sailors and the other side was for the scientists and the officers so it's very much run on British naval lives yes these are the servers where the two parties were kept at some all the restore materials at Harbor veranda at the whole building and opposite each storm is stenciled remains of Egypt of the ponies upon their pot rather exotic names I guess because I felt a Siberian poke see a skeleton of one of the Huskies connect the fastball he was outside on the ice for many years but he's been bought in again as part of that interpretation to still tell the story of the hats so that we don't forget that they were the hospital yet all of this is being done conserved by the Heritage Trust and see if construction in this way they've done an amazing job to bring it back to so that we can really get that sense of the ponies and fantastic it's quite a surreal walking through here and picturing all the men in the hut here you can see they're bears you see where they sat at the table you can see the kitchen and it just makes you think back to what they went through what date school it's really Serena's you look around every more thing tell you another story Scott and Shackleton both fought so hard to get to the South Pole both of them making multiple trips facing life-and-death situation on Scott's final journey he was beaten by only three weeks to the South Pole by the Norwegian explorer Edmonton seeing the photo of Scott and his polar party standing at the pole all of them looking extremely exhausted dejected and defeated was haunting Scott died on that return journey on the ice while his men were waiting in the warmth of his Hut for their return then there were the stories and Shackleton who had to endure an entire winter on the ice when his ship became caught between the tack ice on another voyage he turned back 100 miles before his prize of the pole but he and his men survived he was hailed a hero in bringing all his men home but we also learned this was not quite the full story so this is a cost for Shackleton's win yes right it's a bit little confusing it's on the side of Scott's heart but three of Shackleton's men who were here to set up the depots to cross to the South Pole so that when Shackleton was coming across the entire Antarctic continent he'd pick up those food diapers they're out here on sea ice and drifted out and that was it they never got back so you know many people think that Shackleton got all his men home but there was actually three and this part either died in that era you really have a situation where there's no one here to help them whatsoever you know what if something dramatic happens they're totally self-sufficient and if they just happen to disappear no one would ever know what happened and that was the situation often in various parts of Antarctica being able to visit Shackleton's hi makes you aware that Antarctica really isn't a place for the faint-hearted if you come here you must be prepared for the long haul as the elements are in control of your fate and one mistake can be the last one you'll ever make it was a beautiful sunny day this morning here in Antarctica with barely any wind and then we came to visit Shackleton's Hut and halfway through our visit they said now we got to go we got to go well like what do you mean and it's because the pack I stopped to move in and when the pack I start to move in it's moving really quickly and if you look at see this is all big nasty blocks of floating ice so they're going up and down but the winds push you more together and they're all kind of getting in the way of us and the big boat so this is our path back to the boat but as you can see in the way are all these big blocks of ice so right now what they're trying to do is get the little dingyi's through the ice and you've got to move really quickly because they can squeeze together and you can get stuck but we've now sent a crew over and they've packed it or they've taken some ice picks and then made a trail through so we can get back to the boat pretty cool but it just makes you respect the weather here you really can't take it lightly you have to be on standby at all times to make sure if anything happens and the wind changes you're on full alert to get out of here we'd stayed longer you might a stay here or night got it penguins were going one way and we were going the other times we the human fled and this is them so we can know what it felt like such a person is meant to drag things all that way through the sir my gun it was time again to hit the high speeds and with hundreds of miles of ocean to cross we decided to have a little fun with the lighter side of Antarctica Oh please my biggest problems are making he's really going compress it because I get a tax so quickly after the snow melted it was again an open passage on the return journey we would be heading for New Zealand but the gentle mood of Antarctica swung and it was time to get a little taste of rough seeds as the Seas rose I pass time by keeping fit enjoying books and attending the many lectures that became our way of life on the vessel after a very long and sometimes rough passage our final stop lay in front of us Oh Matt camel island which is one of New Zealand's sub-antarctic Islands now this place pretty much nature room and there's a wildlife that you can find nowhere else in the world including the camel island til dunk or soak the hooker sea lions and the royal albatross well we have five candle island checks one two three four five and these guys are only campeón Carolina so hookahs name on and he's just come to say hello hi Donny hi can we visit your on we're very lucky with the weather look at it it's a beautiful that means we are very like we've got a pair of horses sea lions you just got to the jetty and and here they are – greeted the females and one on the right and then there's the nails behind them but I'm as you can see their little ears so they aides feel kind of ears feel family I think big puppy-dog eyes we have any relaxing warfare already they're getting pretty close these two of aims you know having this love castle for the last 15 minutes or so and they're getting quite amorous so it looks rough at times and it looks like they like hurt each other bit they definitely haven't made a mark or anything like that yet and they're still playing around I think it might just be a little bit of rough love after being a little jealous of the couple clearly in love it was time to stretch the legs and explore the island I've stopped to smell the daisies because it's a pretty long walk up here but you've got to stop every now and then to appreciate what's on the tracking but these beautiful wildflowers just sitting on the side the trap and then if you look down there used to die for I love climbing mountains but my main mission was to find the royal albatross a magnificent bird with one of the largest wings bands in the world with albatross species declining rapidly this picturesque home is their sanctuary well we're really in royal albatross territory now live just everywhere they're flying over the cliffs they're calling to each other just on the top of the hill there and this one is right next to the track and when you get this close you realize just how big they're we can't disturb them we've got to keep moving at this time of year we were able to watch their mating and socializing displays which involved quite vocal crooning and calling as we got closer to the top I could not help but being mess right how effortless their flight appear as these big furs were lifted by the updrafts gathering in groups sitting on their nests or soaring high above the cliffs albatross can be seen everywhere with a mighty wingspan that rivals any other good they are a mastery of nature and their survival relies on these remote islands remain undisturbed we are so privileged to be coming here as numbers are limited and we have all been advised of acceptable code of contact what we don't want is for our presence to alter bird behavior or disturb their nesting pattern in any way this is an amazing island Campbell Island how important it is for their park environment it's New Zealand has five seventh Arctic islands and lefland islands and Campbell over two largest by a long way and they are the ones that have been most disturbed by human contact over the last hundred or so years and so they are the ones that we've put a lot of effort into trying to restore towards the natural conditions possible I mean going to Antarctica was amazing that it is one of our last for the wild frontiers we do it the other way to look at Antarctica is a is a barometer to the world and what's going on in the world and how we are particularly we are influencing the world with the way we use it it will possibly abuse it and the other thing is it's it's one huge test tube that that we can monitor the world really accurately because it's so undamaged compared with most other places in the world how do you sort of look at my introducing tourism to a place that is so fragile yes that is a highly debatable question and in fact that's part of my job here part of the trade-off for the Antarctic Treaty Masons some of whom are not a very enamored of tourism is that we do have rules and we do have regulations and we agree those nations agree to monitor everybody who goes to to our new zealand sub-antarctic Islands the Australian sub-antarctic Islands for Antarctica has to have a permit and that includes the highest official that we send down their data every scientist who goes down there is terms of every tourist who goes down to Antarctica the sub-antarctic has to have a feeling tourism is an economy but the speaker is managing it's popping yes and it can be managed properly I think especially shook based tourism what worries those of us in the Antarctic scene is land-based tourism because it is just so difficult it's so intrusive to be on the land in Antarctica and if people come down on ships or overfly Antarctica yes then is much more tolerable but the thing that I think there has to be said in favor of tourism is that the very people who come down here become the greatest advocates for the place they come and they see something truly special and they go back and almost in a sense preach the gospel and that's got to be good a scientist can go on about their science till the cows come home but a tourist can go back and enthrall people with their photographs and with their own enthusiasm for the place in one short visit so all we should leave is really foot prints in this night and I hope a lot of good memories well I've got them it's great to see tourism operators respecting the Antarctic Treaty for responsible tourism and doing the right thing Orion expeditions is the only operator that has gone beyond that by using earth checks internationally recognized best practice standards this ensures tourism does not have an adverse effect on the environment and helps the company transform tourists into passionate ambassadors for the preservation of this final frontier